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PASS Scales and Instruments Manual

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"This manual provides information on the questionnaire modules and scales implemented in waves 1 to 13 of the PASS study. Specifically, it describes the theoretical background and development of each module and the wording of the individual and scale items. All items are displayed in German to show the original wording and in English to support international communication." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Further information


  • Müller, Bettina
  • Bähr, Sebastian
  • Gundert, Stefanie
  • Teichler, Nils
  • Unger, Stefanie
  • Wenzig, Claudia

Bibliographical information

Müller, Bettina; Bähr, Sebastian; Gundert, Stefanie; Teichler, Nils; Unger, Stefanie; Wenzig, Claudia (2020): PASS Scales and Instruments Manual. (FDZ-Methodenreport, 07/2020 (en)), Nürnberg, 111 p.